- THE MAIN PROBLEMS OF AGRICULTURAL CROP PRODUCTION
The cost of agricultural products is growing following the rise in prices for fertilizers, plant protection products and fuels and lubricants. Regular crop losses from the effects of various climatic factors. The traditional chemicalization of crop production leads to the chemicalization of food and, as a consequence, to the undermining of public health.
- SOLVING PROBLEMS IN IMPROVING AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY
Currently, agricultural technologies are being improved all over the world in order to reduce production costs, improve product quality and reduce losses of the grown crop.
One of the promising directions is the use of complex organic humic fertilizers – a group of natural high–molecular substances with high physiological activity.
A distinctive feature of these substances is their absolute safety for the environment and humans: they are non–toxic, non-carcinogenic, non-mutagenic and do not have embryological activity.
- THE MECHANISM OF OPERATION OF HUMATES
Humic substances stimulate biochemical processes during seed germination and root formation.
As a result, a developed root system is formed, penetrating into the deep layers of the soil. Then the leaf surface area increases, providing a base for photosynthesis, contributing to the intensive growth of the green mass of the plant.
As a result, the humic substance increases resistance to adverse climatic factors (droughts, low temperatures), increases productivity, accelerates the ripening of fruits, and also improves their quality by increasing the content of proteins, sugars, vitamins in them and reducing the amount of nitrates and nitrites.
- MECHANOCHEMICAL ELECTROPLASMA ACTIVATION IS AN OPPORTUNITY TO INCREASE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HUMIC SUBSTANCES
Technological innovations are based on new methods of hydrophase mechanochemical electroplasmic activation of humic substances.
The feedstock undergoes significant changes in structure and properties with the formation of new active substances with high biological activity. At the same time, the reaction surface of substances increases extremely and their properties change, affecting the kinetics and completeness of the reactions, a self–regulating natural mechanism of balanced ecological interaction between soil and plants is launched, based on the complementary qualities and properties of the natural organic components that make up their composition. It acts as a natural complexing agent – chelating agent. On the basis of this technological innovation, a soil meliorant conditioner "Vitagum", a soil activator and growth stimulator has been developed.
- MECHANISM OF ACTION AND BIOLOGICAL EFFECT
Improves soil fertility and increases the physiological activity of low molecular weight soil compounds (amino sugars, amino acids, polyols, lipids of carbohydrates, etc.).
Corrects and enhances ion exchange, buffering, accelerates the sorption of chemicals, exhibits the properties of an adaptogen and a destructor. With various methods of application, it is used as an anti-stress biostimulator, which allows to significantly reduce the negative environmental burden associated with the use of mineral fertilizers, pesticides, significantly increase the efficiency of the agrochemicals used while reducing their consumption regime by 60-80%
Effect on soil microflora:
- activates rhizospheric symbiotic microflora;
- stimulates active humus;
- increases the nitrogen-fixing ability of nodule bacteria and free-living nitrogen fixers;
- blocks the development of pathogenic microorganisms in the soil, pathogens of fungal and bacterial diseases
- activates endomycorrhizal phosphorus-fixing organisms;
- accelerates the detoxification of the soil from all types of pollution, binds and neutralizes heavy metals and radionuclides, enhances protective properties;
- stimulates active growth.
If necessary, it can include moisture-retaining sorbents and be used for arid soils, as well as include increased
the content of humic substances to start and accelerate the processes of self-healing and self-purification of the soil complex, improving its structure.
As a binary preparation, together with microbiological compositions, it can be used to restore depleted and depleted soils, recultivate disturbed lands, neutralize the products of man-made pollution and the toxic effects of saline soils.